Will

The neutral future of prediction is expressed by will (often reduced to ‘ll) + infinitive , or by shall (which is rather formal and rare and normally occurs only with a first-person subject):

  • Temperatures tomorrow will be much the same as today.
  • Will you come back this evening?
  • We shall hear the results of the election within a week.

With personal subjects, will/shall usually suggests an element of intention:

  • I’ll see you again on Tuesday.

We use will when we make a prediction based on our opinion or our past experience or when we state a decision made at the moment of speaking:

  • I imagine the stadium will be full for the match on Saturday.
  • It’s late. I think I’ll go to bed now.

Will can be used in the main clause of a conditional sentence when we say that something (often something negative) is conditional on something else – it will happen if smth else happens first:

  • If we go on like this, we’ll lose all our money.

We use will (or another auxiliary), when we describe a future event that follows another. Often if has a meaning similar to when in this kind of sentence:

  • If you look carefully, you’ll (or can) find writing scratched on the glass.

 

Naposledy změněno: Středa, 4. květen 2011, 10.42